Essence of Bhagavad Gita - Chapter-12


“Arjuna asked: My Lord! Which are the better devotees who worship Thee, those who try
to know Thee as a Personal God, or those who worship Thee as Impersonal and
Lord Shri Krishna replied: Those who keep their minds fixed on Me, who worship Me
always with unwavering faith and concentration; these are the very best.
Those who worship Me as the Indestructible, the Undefinable, the Omnipresent, the
Unthinkable, the Primeval, the Immutable and the Eternal;
Subduing their senses, viewing all conditions of life with the same eye, and working for
the welfare of all beings, assuredly they come to Me.
But they who thus fix their attention on the Absolute and Impersonal encounter greater
hardships, for it is difficult for those who possess a body to realise Me as without one.
Verily, those who surrender their actions to Me, who muse on Me, worship Me and
meditate on Me alone, with no thought save of Me,
O Arjuna! I rescue them from the ocean of life and death, for their minds are fixed on Me.
Then let thy mind cling only to Me, let thy intellect abide in Me; and without doubt thou
shalt live hereafter in Me alone.
But if thou canst not fix thy mind firmly on Me, then, My beloved friend, try to do so by
constant practice.
And if thou are not strong enough to practise concentration, then devote thyself to My
service, do all thine acts for My sake, and thou shalt still attain the goal.
And if thou art too weak even for this, then seek refuge in union with Me, and with perfect
self-control renounce the fruit of thy action.
Knowledge is superior to blind action, meditation to mere knowledge, renunciation of the
fruit of action to meditation, and where there is renunciation peace will follow.
He who is incapable of hatred towards any being, who is kind and compassionate, free
from selfishness, without pride, equable in pleasure and in pain, and forgiving,
Always contented, self-centred, self-controlled, resolute, with mind and reason dedicated
to Me, such a devotee of Mine is My beloved.
He who does not harm the world, and whom the world cannot harm, who is not carried
away by any impulse of joy, anger or fear, such a one is My beloved.
He who expects nothing, who is pure, watchful, indifferent, unruffled, and who renounces
all initiative, such a one is My beloved.
He who is beyond joy and hate, who neither laments nor desires, to whom good and evil
fortunes are the same, such a one is My beloved.

He to whom friend and foe are alike, who welcomes equally honour and dishonour, heat
and cold, pleasure and pain, who is enamoured of nothing,
Who is indifferent to praise and censure, who enjoys silence, who is contented with every
fate, who has no fixed abode, who is steadfast in mind, and filled with devotion, such a
one is My beloved.
Verily those who love the spiritual wisdom as I have taught, whose faith never fails, and
who concentrate their whole nature on Me, they indeed are My most beloved.”
Thus, in the Holy Book the Bhagavad Gita, one of the Upanishads, in the Science of the Supreme
Spirit, in the Art of Self-Knowledge, in the colloquy between the Divine Lord Shri Krishna and the
Prince Arjuna, stands the twelfth chapter, entitled: Bhakti-Yoga or the Path of Love.