Essence of Bhagavad Gita - Chapter-8


“Arjuna asked: O Lord of Lords! What is that which men call the Supreme Spirit, what is
man’s Spiritual Nature, and what is the Law? What is Matter and what is Divinity?
Who is it who rules the spirit sacrifice in many; and at the time of death how may those
who have learned self-control come to the knowledge of Thee?
The Lord Shri Krishna replied: The Supreme Spirit is the Highest Imperishable Self, and Its
Nature is spiritual consciousness. The worlds have been created and are supported by an
emanation from the Spirit which is called the Law.
Matter consists of the forms that perish; Divinity is the Supreme Self; and He who inspires
the spirit of sacrifice in man, O noblest of thy race, is I Myself, Who now stand in human
form before thee.
Whosoever at the time of death thinks only of Me, and thinking thus leaves the body and
goes forth, assuredly he will know Me.
On whatever sphere of being the mind of a man may be intent at the time of death, thither
he will go.
Therefore meditate always on Me, and fight; if thy mind and thy reason be fixed on Me, to
Me shalt thou surely come.
He whose mind does not wander, and who is engaged in constant meditation, attains the
Supreme Spirit.
Whoso meditates on the Omniscient, the Ancient, more minute than the atom, yet the
Ruler and Upholder of all, Unimaginable, Brilliant like the Sun, Beyond the reach of
He who leaves the body with mind unmoved and filled with devotion, by the power of
his meditation gathering between his eyebrows his whole vital energy, attains the
Now I will speak briefly of the imperishable goal, proclaimed by those versed in the
scriptures, which the mystic attains when free from passion, and for which he is content to
undergo the vow of continence.
Closing the gates of the body, drawing the forces of his mind into the heart and by the
power of meditation concentrating his vital energy in the brain;
Repeating Om, the Symbol of Eternity, holding Me always in remembrance, he who thus
leaves his body and goes forth reaches the Spirit Supreme.
To him who thinks constantly of Me, and of nothing else, to such an ever-faithful devotee,
O Arjuna, am I ever accessible.
Coming thus unto Me, these great souls go no more to the misery and death of earthly life,
for they have gained perfection.

The worlds, with the whole realm of creation, come and go; but, O Arjuna, whoso comes
to Me, for him there is nor rebirth.
Those who understand the cosmic day and cosmic night know that one day of creation is a
thousand cycles, and that the night is of equal length.
At the dawning of that day all objects in manifestation stream forth from the Unmanifest,
and when evening falls they are dissolved into It again.
The same multitude of beings, which have lived on earth so often, all are dissolved as the
night of the universe approaches, to issue forth anew when morning breaks. Thus is it
In truth, therefore, there is the Eternal Unmanifest, which is beyond and above the
Unmanifest Spirit of Creation, which is never destroyed when all these being perish.
The wise say that the Unmanifest and Indestructible is the highest goal of all; when once
That is reached, there is no return. That is My Blessed Home.
O Arjuna! That Highest God, in Whom all beings abide, and Who pervades the entire
universe, is reached only by wholehearted devotion.
[The following material (between the asterisks) is an example of what may be a `doctored’ inclusion.
It does not jibe with the rest of the material because it is not presented as metaphor and clearly
implies that worldly phenomena are spiritually determining. Maybe it was added by an individual
or individuals who were less cognizant than the originating author. Or maybe was ‘craftily’
inserted to function as a sort of litmus test – those who get `taken in’ by it may be recognized as not
having `spiritual discernment’.]
*Now I will tell thee, O Arjuna, of the times at which, if the mystics go forth, they do not
return, and at which they go forth only to return.
If knowing the Supreme Spirit the sage goes forth with fire and light, in the daytime, in the
fortnight of the waxing moon and in the six months before the Northern summer solstice,
he will attain the Supreme.
But if he departs in gloom, at night, during the fortnight of the waning moon and in the six
months before the Southern solstice, then he reaches but lunar light and he will be born
These bright and dark paths out of the world have always existed. Whoso takes the
former, returns not; he who chooses the latter, returns.*
O Arjuna! The saint knowing these paths is not confused. Therefore meditate perpetually.
The sage who knows this passes beyond all merit that comes from the study of the
scriptures, from sacrifice, from austerities and charity, and reaches the Supreme Primeval
Thus, in the Holy Book the Bhagavad Gita, one of the Upanishads, in the Science of the Supreme
Spirit, in the Art of Self-Knowledge, in the Colloquy between the Divine Lord Shri Krishna and the
Prince Arjuna, stand the eight chapter, entitled: The Life Everlasting.